MarineSPEED: Marine SPEcies with Environment Dataset | Marinevre

MarineSPEED: Marine SPEcies with Environment Dataset

MarineSPEED is a benchmark dataset for presence-only species distribution modelling. It contains a collection of 514 marine species linked to environmental data for the 71 current climate layers of Bio-ORACLE and MARSPEC.

An R package for downloading and working with MarineSPEED is available on CRAN and on GitHub. For more information see the R package documentation, the README or contact

The MarineSPEED data are also available for direct download.


Developed by: 
MarineSPEED is created by Samuel Bosch, and hosted by the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) . 
Used data resources: 

Distribution records:

The occurrence records where originally sourced from GBIF (datasets), OBIS (datasets), Reef Life Survey, INVASIVES project and personal communications.

Environmental data:

The associated environmental data was extracted from Bio-ORACLE and MARSPEC. The appropriate citations are:

  • Tyberghein L., Verbruggen H., Pauly K., Troupin C., Mineur F. & De Clerck O. Bio-ORACLE: a global environmental dataset for marine species distribution modeling. Global Ecology and Biogeography.
  • Sbrocco, EJ and Barber, PH (2013) MARSPEC: Ocean climate layers for marine spatial ecology. Ecology 94: 979.


Taxonomic information was retrieved from the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS).

Sampling bias information was visually assessed.

Ecoregion data was generated based on: Spalding M.D., Fox H.E., Allen G.R., Davidson N., Ferdaña Z. a., Finlayson M., Halpern B.S., Jorge M. a., Lombana A., Lourie S. a., Martin K.D., Mcmanus E., Molnar J., Recchia C. a., & Robertson J. (2007) Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas. BioScience, 57, 573.

Technology or platform: 

MarineSPEED is based on RShinyLeafletBootstrap and Bootswatch.